BBC News – A bit of meat, a lot of vegetable, the flexitarian diet to feed 10 billion

James Gallagher – Health and science correspondent

A diet has been developed that promises to save lives, feed 10 billion people and all without causing catastrophic damage to the planet.

Op/Ed, 17 January 2019. Scientists have been trying to figure out how we are going to feed billions more people in the decades to come.

Their answer, “the planetary health diet”, does not completely banish meat and dairy.

But it is recommending we get most of our protein from nuts and legumes (such as beans and lentils) instead.

Their diet needs an enormous shift in what we pile on to our plates and for us to turn to foods that we barely eat.

What changes am I going to have to make?

If you eat meat every day then this is the first biggie. For red meat you’re looking at a burger a week or a large steak a month and that’s your lot.

You can still have a couple of portions of fish and the same of chicken a week, but plants are where the rest of your protein will need to come from. The researchers are recommending nuts and a good helping of legumes every day instead.

There’s also a major push on all fruit and vegetable, which should make up half of every plate of food we eat.

Although there’s a cull on “starchy vegetables” such as the humble potato or cassava which is widely eaten in Africa.

So what is the diet in detail?

If you served it all up this is what you would be allowed each day:

Nuts – 50g a day
Beans, chickpeas, lentils and other legumes – 75g a day
Fish – 28g a day
Eggs – 13g a day (so one and a bit a week)
Meat – 14g a day of red meat and 29g a day of chicken
Carbohydrates – whole grains like bread and rice 232g a day and 50g a day of starchy vegetables
Dairy – 250g – the equivalent of one glass of milk
Vegetables -(300g) and fruit (200g)

The diet has room for 31g of sugar and about 50g worth of oils like olive oil.

Will it taste awful?

Prof Walter Willet, one of the researchers who is based at Harvard, said no and that after a childhood on a farm eating three portions of red meat a day he was now pretty much in line with the planetary health diet.

“There’s tremendous variety there,” he said. “You can take those foods and put them together in thousands of different ways. We’re not talking about a deprivation diet here, it is healthy eating that is flexible and enjoyable.”

Is this for real, or just a fantasy?

This plan requires changes to diets in pretty much every corner of the world.

Europe and North America need to cut back massively on red meat, East Asia needs to cut back on fish, Africa on starchy vegetables.

“Humanity has never attempted to change the food system at this scale and this speed,” said Line Gordon, director of the Stockholm Resilience Centre, at Stockholm University.

“Whether it’s a fantasy or not, a fantasy doesn’t have to be bad, it’s time to dream of a good world,” she says.

Taxes on red meat are one of the many options the researchers say may be necessary to persuade us to switch diets.

Who came up with this?

A group of 37 scientists from around the world were brought together as part of the EAT-Lancet commission.

They’re a mix of experts from farming to climate change to nutrition. They took two years to come up with their findings which have been published in the Lancet.

Why do we need a diet for 10 billion people? [bold]

The world population reached seven billion in 2011 and it’s now around 7.7 billion. That figure is expected to reach 10 billion around 2050 and will keep on climbing.

Will it save lives?

The researchers say the diet will prevent about 11 million people dying each year.

That number is largely down to cutting diseases related to unhealthy diets such as heart attacks, strokes and some cancers. These are now the biggest killers in developed countries.

https://www.bbc.com/news/health-46865204

Sikh24.com – Mode of access for Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib yet to be decided, says H S Puri

Sikh24 Editors

Chandigarh – Panjab – India, 19 January 2019. On January 18, the Union State Minister Hardeep Singh Puri clarified that the access mode of Gurdwara Sri Kartarpur Sahib for the Sikh pilgrims has not been decided yet by the India and Pakistan.

His statement came in response to the Captain Amarinder Singh’s demand of facilitating passport-free access of Gurdwara Sri Kartarpur Sahib to the Sikhs residing in India.

Puri has said that it is yet to be discussed bilaterally whether Sikh pilgrims are given access of Gurdwara Sri Kartarpur Sahib merely on passport or through visa system. “We have so far decided that the access from our side, the main road which goes up there and the specific corridor, we will complete in a time-bound manner,” he added.

Puri, however, lamented that the cartographer who drew the boundary between India and Pakistan after Partition, must have been insensitive as he carved out the place belonging to Guru Nanak Dev Ji from India.

It may be recalled here that the Punjab CM Captain Amarinder Singh had written a letter to the Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh on January 15 asking him to put in place a simple procedure which would facilitate “Khulle Darshan Deedar” of Gurdwara Sri Kartarpur Sahib, as per the traditional Sikh Ardas (prayer).

He had demanded passport free access for the pilgrims aspirant of paying obeisance at the historic Sikh shrine via Kartarpur corridor.

https://www.sikh24.com/2019/01/19/mode-of-access-for-gurdwara-kartarpur-sahib-yet-to-be-decided-says-hs-puri/#.XEXYWs17nIU

Waldorpstraat: Holland Spoor – Hoefkade Masjid – Scheepersstraat: Gurdwara Singh Sabha

Waldorpstraat
Holland Spoor
28 December 2018


New entrance to NS Station Holland Spoor

Hoefkade Masjid
28 December 2018


Transvaalkwartier – Hoefkade

Gurdwara Singh Sabha
Scheepersstraat
29 December 2018


Gurdwara Singh Sabha


Divan Hall – Akhand Path
Patti was reading very nicely, clearly pronouncing every word


Gurdwara Singh Sabha Den Haag


Divan Hall

To see all my pictures:

https://www.flickr.com/photos/12445197@N05/

More Netherlands pictures to be published
Harjinder Singh
Man in Blue

The Daily Times – PM’s fake envoy caught red-handed in London

Staff Report

London – UK, 19 January 2019. A fake envoy to prime minister was caught red-handed in London while representing the government of Pakistan at a ceremony organised to sign an agreement with the Sikh community.

Hamid Kidwai, who posed himself as Special Envoy to Prime Minister Imran Khan, was co-chairing a meeting along with Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha Southall President Gurmail Singh Malhi when a journalist at the meeting asked him to prove his official identity first and that whether he has been formally designated by the government of Pakistan to sign the memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Sikh community living in the UK for commercial hotel developments around historical Gurdwaras in Pakistan, especially Nankana Sahib and Karatarpur Corridor ahead of the 550th Gurpurb celebrations of Guru Nanak Devji.

“Yes, it is true that this ceremony has not been organised at the official level, in fact time was so short and things moved so fast that no discussion took place at the government level. But, we verbally discussed it with Prime Minister Imran Khan and he gave his consent for this visit.

On our return, this would be formalised,” a visibly perplexed Qidwai replied. “Yes, this is all verbal so far. But, will definitely be formalized once we are back in Islamabad and give our feedback to the prime minister,” he responded to further queries.

https://dailytimes.com.pk/345533/pms-fake-envoy-caught-red-handed-in-london/

The Hindu – India’s richest 1% get richer by 39% in 2018; just 3% rise for bottom-half: Oxfam

At Davos, Oxfam said this increasing inequality is undermining the fight against poverty, damaging economies and fuelling public anger across the globe

Davos – Graubünden – Switzerland, 21 January 2019. Indian billionaires saw their fortunes swell by Rs 2,200 crore a day last year, with the top 1 per cent of the country’s richest getting richer by 39 per cent as against just 3 per cent increase in wealth for the bottom-half of the population, an Oxfam study said on Monday.

Globally, billionaires’ fortunes rose by 12 per cent or $ 2.5 billion a day in 2018, whereas the poorest half of the world’s population saw their wealth decline by 11 per cent, the international rights group said in its annual study released before the start of the five-day World Economic Forum (WEF) Annual Meeting in this Swiss ski resort town.

Oxfam further said that 13.6 crore Indians, who make up the poorest 10 per cent of the country, continued to remain in debt since 2004.

Asking the political and business leaders who have gathered in Davos for the annual jamboree of the rich and powerful of the world to take urgent steps to tackle the growing rich-poor divide, Oxfam said this increasing inequality is undermining the fight against poverty, damaging economies and fuelling public anger across the globe.

Oxfam International Executive Director Winnie Byanyima, one of the key participants at the WEF summit, said it is “morally outrageous” that a few wealthy individuals are amassing a growing share of India’s wealth, while the poor are struggling to eat their next meal or pay for their child’s medicines.

“If this obscene inequality between the top 1 percent and the rest of India continues then it will lead to a complete collapse of the social and democratic structure of this country,” she added.

Noting that wealth is becoming even more concentrated, Oxfam said 26 people now own the same as the 3.8 billion people who make up the poorest half of humanity, down from 44 people last year.

The world’s richest man Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon, saw his fortune increase to USD 112 billion and just 1 per cent of his fortune is equivalent to the whole health budget for Ethiopia, a country of 115 million people.

“India’s top 10 per cent of the population holds 77.4 per cent of the total national wealth. The contrast is even sharper for the top 1 per cent that holds 51.53 per cent of the national wealth.

“The bottom 60 per cent, the majority of the population, own merely 4.8 per cent of the national wealth. Wealth of top 9 billionaires is equivalent to the wealth of the bottom 50 per cent of the population,” Oxfam said while noting that high level of wealth disparity subverts democracy.

Growing inequality

Between 2018 and 2022, India is estimated to produce 70 new dollar millionaires every day, Oxfam said.

“It (the survey) reveals how governments are exacerbating inequality by underfunding public services, such as healthcare and education, on the one hand, while under taxing corporations and the wealthy, and failing to clamp down on tax dodging on the other,” Oxfam India CEO Amitabh Behar said.

The survey also shows that women and girls are hardest hit by rising economic inequality, he added.

“The size of one’s bank account should not dictate how many years your children spend in school, or how long you live, yet this is the reality in too many countries across the globe. While corporations and the super-rich enjoy low tax bills, millions of girls are denied a decent education and women are dying for lack of maternity care,” Byanyima said.

According to the Oxfam report, India added 18 new billionaires last year, raising the total number of billionaires to 119, while their wealth crossed the $ 400 billion (Rs 28 lakh crore) mark for the first time.

It rose from $ 325.5 billion in 2017 to $ 440.1 billion in 2018, making it the single largest annual increase since the 2008 global financial crisis.

Oxfam further said getting India’s richest 1 per cent pay just 0.5 per cent extra tax on their wealth could raise enough money enough to increase the government spending on health by 50 per cent.

It said the combined revenue and capital expenditure of the Centre and states for medical, public health, sanitation and water supply is Rs 2,08,166 crore, which is less than the country’ richest man Mukesh Ambani’s wealth of ₹ 2.8 lakh crore.

Globally, Oxfam said the tax rates for wealthy individuals and corporations have been cut dramatically.

While billionaire wealth soars, public services are suffering from chronic underfunding or being outsourced to private companies that exclude the poorest people, Oxfam said.

The rights group said in many countries including India, a decent education or quality healthcare has become a luxury only the rich can afford.

“Children from poor families in India are three times more likely to die before their first birthday than children from rich families,” it added.

Oxfam said its calculations are based on the latest comprehensive data sources available publicly, including from the Credit Suisse Wealth Databook and the annual Forbes Billionaires List.

India’s development model according to Modi : Let the rich get richer and the poor poorer !
Man in Blue

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/indias-richest-1-get-richer-by-39-in-2018-just-3-rise-for-bottom-half-oxfam/article26047621.ece