Sikh24.com – Sikh students top Lahore Board’s matriculation exam in Pakistan

Sikh24 Editors

Lahore – Panjab – Pakistan, 19 July 2019. The Sikh students, resident of Nankana Sahib, have topped the matriculation examination taken by the Lahore based Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) in Pakistan.

Sharing the development with media, the head granthi of Gurdwara Baal Leela Sahib Bhai Sukhbir Singh Sukhi and Babar Jalandhari informed that three Sikh boys and two Sikh girls have scored ‘A’ and ‘A+’ grades in the matriculation examination.

They further informed that these Sikh toppers will be honoured by the Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee and Punjabi Sikh Sangat for their achievements.

Sikh students top Lahore Board’s matriculation exam in Pakistan  

Dawn – ICJ rejects India’s plea for Jadhav’s return, grants consular access

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) on Wednesday announced its verdict on the Kulbhushan Jadhav case, ruling that Jadhav be allowed consular access immediately and asking Pakistan to ensure “effective review and reconsideration of his conviction and sentences”.

Den Haag – Zuidholland – The Netherlands, 17 July 2019. The ICJ, however, rejected all other remedies sought by India, which included the annulment of the military court decision convicting Jadhav, restricting Pakistan from executing the sentence, securing Jadhav’s release and ordering his return to India.

Accompanied by Queen’s counsel Barrister Khawar Qureshi, a 13-member Pakistani delegation, led by Attorney General Anwar Mansoor along with the Foreign Office’s Director General South Asia Dr Mohammad Faisal and comprising officials of the ministries of law and foreign affairs, was present in the courtroom.

The ICJ said that even though it had found Pakistan in violation of Article 36 the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR), “it is not the conviction and sentence of Mr. Jadhav which are to be regarded as a violation of Article 36 of the Vienna Convention.”

The most the ICJ said it could do was to order Pakistan to cease violation of Article 36 and review the case in light of how that violation may have affected the case’s outcome.

“The Court notes that Pakistan acknowledges that the appropriate remedy in the present case would be effective review and reconsideration of the conviction and sentence,” it observed.

To this end, Pakistan was directed to immediately inform Jadhav of his rights under Article 36, grant India consular access, and then review the case while considering, under the laws of Pakistan, how not doing so earlier may have impacted the case’s outcome.

Pakistan had argued that Article 36 is not applicable to persons believed to be involved in espionage.

“The Court considers that the violation of the rights set forth in Article 36, paragraph 1, of the Vienna Convention, and its implications for the principles of a fair trial, should be fully examined and properly addressed during the review and reconsideration process,” the court directed.

“In particular, any potential prejudice and the implications for the evidence and the right of defence of the accused should receive close scrutiny during the review and reconsideration,” it said.

“The Court notes that the obligation to provide effective review and reconsideration can be carried out in various ways. The choice of means is left to Pakistan,” it added. However, it stressed that, “Pakistan shall take all measures to provide for effective review and reconsideration, including, if necessary, by enacting appropriate legislation.” While that matter is decided, Pakistan has been directed to suspend the execution of the death penalty awarded to Jadhav.

Looking at it from the Pakistani side the ICJ ruling does not really look like a victory for India. I had hoped that the ICJ would have disallowed the military court and that it would have been critical about the death sentence.
Man in Blue

https://www.dawn.com/news/1494604/icj-rejects-indias-plea-for-jadhavs-return-grants-consular-access

The Hindu – Takeaways from the Kulbhushan Jadhav case ruling

India’s more successful legal journey to the ICJ must now reshape New Delhi’s approach to potentially difficult situations

Arjun Subramaniam

New Delhi – India, 18 July 2019. Kulbhushan Jadhav, the former Indian Navy officer, who was allegedly abducted by Pakistani intelligence from Iran and sentenced to death on charges of espionage and terrorism by a farcical military court in Pakistan, has been given a glimmer of hope by the ruling of the International Court of Justice (ICJ).

Responding to a petition by India that sought an annulment of his death sentence because Pakistan had violated numerous international treaties and extracted irregular confessions under coercion, the ICJ, on July 17, 2019, ruled with a decisive vote (15-1) that Mr. Jadhav cannot be executed by Pakistan, and that he must be given adequate consular access and a fair trial.

The ruling also urged Pakistan to review his conviction. This constitutes a major diplomatic and legal victory for India, with Pakistan accusing India of ‘ambushing’ it at The Hague.

Focussed strategy

Given its rather lukewarm record in the past of securing the release of Indian detainees in Pakistan through bilateral negotiations, India’s strategy in this case has been to exploit increasing international acceptance that Pakistan was an emerging ‘rogue’ state.

Laying stress on Pakistan’s scant regard for Article 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, it deals with the arrest, detention and trial of a foreign citizen, India’s counsel, Harish Salve, highlighted two compelling arguments. First was the arrest process, which was not accompanied by an immediate notification to Indian consular officials in Islamabad.

There was a delay of over three weeks before India was informed, and it was during this period, according to reliable sources from within Pakistan, that Mr Jadhav was subjected to all means of coercion and forced to sign a ‘confession taken under custody’ without adequate legal representation.

Second was the two-way denial of access and communication by any means between Mr. Jadhav and consular officials and a failure to inform him of the rights he enjoyed under the convention.

The legitimacy of military courts has always been controversial within the international legal system that emerged in the post-World War II era as a fast-track system of delivering skewed justice by authoritarian regimes and military dictatorships.

Purportedly set up in Pakistan in 2015 as a counter-terrorist and anti-corruption initiative, Mr Jadhav’s sentencing in April 2017 was based on confessions taken in captivity and is part of several arbitrary sentences by Pakistan’s Military Court.

Violation of rights

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) recognises the right to an effective defence against criminal charges, and to a fair and impartial trial, in which the accused is represented by a lawyer of his choice.

By denying consular access, Pakistan has stood in gross violation of both the Vienna Convention and the ICCPR. Had due process been followed, and then had Mr. Jadhav been charged with espionage, India may not have had the necessary room to take the matter to the ICJ.

By attempting to circumvent the ‘due diligence’ process, Pakistan has exposed serious chinks in its legal environment and jeopardised its standing in the comity of nations. The Jadhav case has also revealed Pakistan’s desperation in its search for ‘proxies’ as drivers of the internal unrest in Balochistan.

Reliable sources within India’s intelligence agencies hint at the possibility of Mr Jadhav having been abducted by armed groups operating on the border between Iran and Balochistan.

Pakistan is known to have used proxy Sunni groups such as the Jaish al-Adl against Iran, and Iranian officials have often spoken to their Indian counterparts about Pakistan’s sponsorship of terrorist activities along the Iran-Pakistan border.

A testimony to the growing menace of this group is its recent designation as a front of Jundullah, which is a ‘Specially Designated Global Terrorist’.

India has shown both intent and resilience in attempting to secure the release of Mr. Jadhav despite the many hiccups along the way. Following a synergised approach steered by the National Security Adviser and the External Affairs Minister, India fought the kidnapping of Mr. Jadhav, an Indian national who was legitimately residing in Iran after retirement from the Indian Navy.

Realising, in 2017, following his death sentence that the overall deteriorating relations between India and Pakistan had closed the door on any bilateral way of securing his release, India rightly chose to go the ‘international way’ by fielding a formidable legal team led by the jurist, Harish Salve.

Sparing no efforts on the human aspects of the case too, India managed to get Mr Jadhav to meet his mother and wife after the death sentence was pronounced. The first success achieved by the Indian legal team was on May 9, 2017 when the ICJ sent an urgent message to the Prime Minister of Pakistan, urging him to stay the execution till India’s case was heard fully and the ICJ arrived at a verdict.

Moving slowly but surely through the legal battle for over two years, India, has been demonstrating significant synergy between various stakeholders in the case.

The final verdict will, hopefully, galvanise the Indian establishment to step on the pedal and exert pressure on Pakistan to rescind the death sentence and allow Mr Jadhav consular access and legitimate legal platform to mount his defence.

While it would be wishful thinking to assume that Mr Jadhav would return to India soon, there is a glimmer of hope on the horizon that the Indian strategic establishment would do well to exploit.

Having deftly navigated the legal and diplomatic channels and restrained the Pakistan military by securing manoeuvring space following the ICJ verdict, a leading power such as India must demonstrate its intent and capacity to extract desirable outcomes out of potentially difficult, or seemingly impossible situations. Kulbhushan Jadhav’s case is one such challenge.

Arjun Subramaniam is a strategic commentator and Visiting Professor at Ashoka University

This is an Indian reaction to the ruling of the International Court of Justice
I will look today for an article that reflects the Pakistani view
Man in Blue

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/takeaways-from-the-kulbhushan-jadhav-case-ruling/article28524139.ece?homepage=true

The Hindustan Times – UN court verdict today on Kulbhushan Jadhav, sentenced to death by Pakistan court

The verdict on Kulbhushan Jadhav by the UN court will be delivered on Wednesday after India challenged the death sentence given to the former naval officer.

Ashok Bagriya and Rezaul H Laskar

New Delhi – India, 17 July 2019. The top court of the UN will on Wednesday announce its verdict on India’s petition challenging the death sentence given to former naval officer Kulbhushan Jadhav by a Pakistani military court for alleged involvement in spying.

Almost five months ago, The Hague-based International Court of Justice (ICJ) reserved its verdict in the matter after hearing oral arguments by India and Pakistan. ICJ president Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf will read the court’s decision in a sitting at 3pm (6.30pm IST) on Wednesday (17/07).

Jadhav was arrested by Pakistani authorities on March 3, 2016 in Balochistan on charges of espionage and involvement in subversive activities. India was informed about the arrest on March 25, 2016 and Islamabad has not offered any explanation for this delay. Jadhav was sentenced to death in April 2017 after a secret trial by a military court.

After being petitioned by India in May 2017, the ICJ directed Pakistan to “take all measures at its disposal” to ensure Jadhav was not executed pending the court’s final judgment.

India has argued Pakistan acted in an irresponsible manner and violated several international treaties and obligations, including the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, by refusing to grant consular access to Jadhav.

Indian officials have described Jadhav’s trial by a Pakistani military court as “farcical” and said he was denied the right to defence by a counsel of his choice. His conviction and death sentence were based on alleged “confessions” made in captivity.

They have said Jadhav was a civilian when he was kidnapped and taken to Pakistan and used as a scapegoat to blame India for Pakistan’s problems in the restive province of Balochistan.

During hearings at the ICJ last year, India sought Jadhav’s release and the quashing of his death sentence. It also asked for Jadhav’s custody to be declared illegal.

Jurisprudence on human rights, including under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, recognises the importance of due process, including the right to effective defence and an impartial trial. Jadhav’s trial by a military court violated due process standards, officials said.

Pakistan has not yet made the charges or the judgment delivered against Jadhav public, and he is unlikely to get justice, the officials added.

India also raised the Pulwama suicide attack that killed 40 Central Reserve Police Force troops in February this year to highlight Pakistan’s role in sponsoring terror activities.

In its arguments, Pakistan said India’s claim for relief should be dismissed or declared inadmissible. It also relied on a 2008 bilateral treaty on consular relations, which it argued overrides any obligations under the Vienna Convention. It also contended espionage and terrorism are exceptions to the Vienna Convention.

https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/un-court-ruling-on-kulbhushan-jadhav-likely-today/story-awICgAyMxeqy1cRMWVvqEN.html

India Today – Gopal Chawla still on ETP Board’s panel which controls Sikh body

Gopal Singh Chawla was removed as Secretary of PSGPC after India continuously build a pressure on Pakistan to remove Khalistani elements from the Sikh body.

Manjeet Sehgal

Chandigarh – Panjab – India, 14 July 2019. Pro Khalistani Sikh leader Gopal Singh Chawla who has been removed as the Secretary of Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee (PSGPC) continues to be the non-official member of Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB) which controls PSGPC.

Sources say Chawla as the member of the parent body can still interfere with the working of PSGPC .

The pro-Khalistani leader was also present as ETPB member at Gujaranwala on July 12 when Gurudwara Khara Sahib, dedicated to sixth Sikh guru Guru Hargobind Sahib, was opened first time after a period of 72 years.

Gopal Singh Chawla was removed as Secretary of PSGPC after India continuously build a pressure on Pakistan to remove Khalistani elements from the Sikh body. However, Khalistani elements are still present in the PSGPC.

Most of the new PSGPC office bearers may not be as known as hardliner Khalistan activists but every Sikh in Pakistan favours the demand for a separate homeland under pressure from the hardliners and the ISI.

One of the new PSGPC member Ameer Singh is a known Khalistan supporter who hails from Pakistan’s Punjab province where Jamaat-ud-Dawa’s chief Hafiz Saeed has allegedly been doing terror financing.

Hence, there is no guarantee that Pakistani Sikhs will not chant Khalistan in near future.

Gopal Singh Chawla ‘s removal was decided on July 12.

Gopal Singh Chawla had become a thorn in Pakistan’s flesh which faced anger and resentment from India on a number of occasions. As the date of the second round of bilateral talks on Kartarpur Corridor was nearing, the Pakistan authorities were left with no option but to remove Gopal Chawla from PSGPC panel.

Chairman of Evacuee Trust Property Board, Dr Amir Ahmed, in a board meeting held on July 10 had hinted action against Gopal Singh Chawla. Interestingly enough, two days after the meeting on July 12, while Gopal Singh Chawla was present at Gujranwala to open Gurudwara Khara Sahib, none of the ETPB officials were present.

Chawla was not allowed to take part any in any meeting held between Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC) Chief Secretary Dr Roop Singh and PSGPC who along with a delegation was in Pakistan on the eve of the anniversary of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Present PSGPC Chief Tara Singh chaired all the meetings and Gopal Singh Chawla was not seen anywhere.

Pakistan out to woo Sikhs

Pakistan is not leaving any stone unturned to woo the Sikh community .

ETPB opened Gurudwara Khara Sahib after a period of 72 years for the Sikh pilgrims. This Gurdwara is located in Gujranwala and is related to Sixth Sikh Guru Hargobind Sahib.

According to SGPC chief Secretary Dr Roop Singh, Pakistan had earlier opened Sialkot based Gurdwara Babe ki Ber for the pilgrims.

Interestingly, while at one hand Pakistan is opening all Sikh shrines, it has not opened even a single Hindu Shrine which means Pakistan’s agenda is to woo the Sikhs hardliners in particular.

https://www.indiatoday.in/world/story/gopal-chawla-still-on-etp-board-s-panel-which-controls-sikh-body-1568727-2019-07-14

Dawn – US welcomes increased ‘people-to-people ties’ between Pakistan – India through Kartarpur

Washington DC – USA, 17 July 2019. The USA State Department on Tuesday said that it was “incredibly supportive” of anything that increases “people-to-people ties between India and Pakistan”.

During a press briefing, State Department spokesperson Morgan Ortagus was asked to comment on the Kartarpur Corridor: “Yeah, that was certainly a good news report, wasn’t it? We encourage it,” she said.

“Anything that increases people-to-people ties between India and Pakistan is something that we’re incredibly supportive of,” she added.

Ortagus’ comments follow the latest talks between the two sides, which took place on July 14, on the opening of the Kartarpur corridor for Sikh pilgrims. Pakistan claimed to have made headway on “80 per cent and beyond” issues in the much-delayed second round of talks.

The talks were held at the Wagah border where a 13-member Pakistan team was led by Saarc and South Asia desk Director General and Foreign Office (FO) spokesperson Dr Mohammad Faisal, while an eight-member Indian team was headed by interior joint secretary S.C.L. Das.

The corridor, a peace initiative of the Pakistani government, is being constructed to commemorate the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak. The corridor will provide Indian Sikhs visa-free access to Gurdwara Darbar Sahib at Kartarpur in Pakistan.

To work out modalities for the opening of Kartarpur opening, a Pakistani delegation on March 14 visited Attari where a meeting was held with Indian officials.

While the next round of talks was scheduled for April 2 at Wagah, India pulled out of it over reservations that pro-Khalistan activists such as Gopal Chawla and Bisan Singh had been included in Pakistan Sikh Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee, a body that works for facilitating Sikh pilgrims.

The Indian Ministry for External Affairs on that occasion had stated: “The next meeting on the modalities can be scheduled at an appropriate time after receiving Pakistan’s response.” Pakistan’s FO had then regretted the Indian decision to cancel the meeting.

https://www.dawn.com/news/1494601/us-welcomes-increased-people-to-people-ties-between-pakistan-india-through-kartarpur

The News – International Sikh convention in City on 31 August 2019

Lahore – Panjab – Pakistan, 16 July 2019. The Religious Tourism and Heritage Committee headed by Punjab Governor Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar has announced holding International Sikh Convention here on 31 August, while Federal Interior Minister Brigadier (r) Ijaz Shah has been made permanent member of the committee.

This was announced in a meeting of religious tourism and heritage committee chaired by the governor at Governor’s House on Monday.

Federal Minister for Education and Culture Shafqat Mehmood, Religious Affairs Minister Syed Saeed-ul-Hassan Shah, Punjab Minister for Tourism Raja Yasir Humayun, Evacuee Trust Property Board chairman, Lahore Division Commissioner and relevant officers from Kartarpur and Nankana Sahib attended the meeting.

The governor will visit Nankana Sahib after Kartarpur and a strategy has been finalised vis-à-vis arrangements in Nankana and Kartarpur regarding 550th birth anniversary of Baba Guru Nanak. The meeting was briefed about arrangements made so far for birth anniversary of Baba Guru Nanak and Kartarpur Corridor.

The committee decided to launch awareness campaign for making the birth anniversary of Baba Guru Nanak memorable and ensuring maximum participation of the Sikh community, including that of India. It was also decided in the meeting that the convention would be held at Governor House, Lahore in which the Sikh yatrees from USA, UK, Canada and India would participate.

The meeting decided that the governor would meet Federal Interior Minister Brigadier (r) Ijaz Shah for ensuring maximum visas for Sikh yatrees coming for celebration of Baba Guru Nanak birth anniversary. Addressing the meeting, the governor expressed hope that the government would be able to generate $4-5 billion from tourism the way they were working on it. He said the steps would be ensured for visa facilitation and other matters of Sikh yatrees.

He expressed pleasure over headway in talks over Kartarpur Corridor and said, “we want that India should also complete its work in a speedy manner on Kartarpur Corridor.”

https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/499034-international-sikh-convention-in-city-on-aug-31

Dawn – Kartarpur Corridor: Activist concerned at ‘massive construction’ on Indian side

Our Staff Reporter

Lahore – Panjab – Pakistan, 16 July 2019. The world Sikh community has expressed its concern at the big ‘airport-like’ constructions by India on its side of border at Kartarpur, dwarfing the Nishan Sahib (Sikh flag) planned at Darbar Sahib and Pakistan agreeing to a fairly large number of pilgrims that may damage ecology of the sacred fields around the Sikh heritage site.

“Sikh diaspora comprising around 27 million souls is much concerned at reports that India is constructing an ‘airport-like’ terminal worth Rs 5 billion at Dera Baba Nanak.

It includes a 300 feet [high] Indian monumental flag, which will neither represent the spiritual essence of the sacred space nor the heritage architecture from the Guru period or the Sikh architecture [of] post-Guru period,” laments Gurmeet Kaur, who leads a world Sikh campaign for preserving 100-acre fields of Baba Nanak era at Kartarpur.

In a statement released here on Monday, she says the Indian flag, presumably higher than the Nishan Sahib (Sikh flag) that has been planned at the Darbar Sahib, Kartarpur, smacks of supremacy and ego and not of honour and “submission to the feet of the great Guru”.

She adds that the step has created a “catch-22 like” situation for Pakistan as if it decides to put a flag post taller than the Nishan Sahib, it puts itself in an awkward position with the Sikhs, if lower, it gives India the first win in “the Attari-Wagah-like macho contest”.

Apprehends ecological harm to heritage site because of ‘overcrowding’

Ms Kaur also expresses concerns at Islamabad agreeing to visa-free access for 5000 pilgrims daily, fearing such a large number of visitors may hurt the flora and fauna as envisioned by Baba Nanak for Kartarpur.

“While India has been nitpicking over the generous offer of Pakistan to open the corridor for 500-750 Sikh pilgrims a day at the opening, India wants it to allow up to 10,000 tourists per day and more on special occasions, right away. India is also demanding opening of the corridor to people of all faiths (not just Sikhs).

“Ecologists and the well-meaning Sikhs have been screaming about how the fragile terrain and ecosystem of Kartarpur is already under attack with the massive corridor construction. And, five to ten thousand pilgrims a day would put a huge strain requiring enormous and hasty commercial construction on the land where forests, orchards and organic fields of Baba Nanak existed for five and a half centuries.”

She says the Sikh diaspora thinks that haphazard construction at this sacred site means losing all chances of archeologically reviving and rebuilding the historical space, buildings and artifacts as they may have existed in Baba Nanak’s time – Baba Nanak’s Kartarpur.

A social activist, Ms Kaur also points to the exclusion of Sikh representatives from the Kartarpur talks and objects to confining the consultation process on the corridor only to the Pakistan Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee, representing only a small Sikh community of around 27,000 souls.

“From the politics being played to the headlines being made, Kartarpur Corridor seems to have been reduced to another version of Wagah-Attari display in the making, that of the macho control and supremacy over each other, between Modi’s India and Khan’s Pakistan, under the pretext of peace at the cost of Baba Nanak’s legacy, where his Sikhs have no say,” she regrets.

She has called upon Pakistan government to change the “game plan” by bringing together archeological, heritage and ecological experts and rebuilding Kartarpur as Baba Nanak had envisioned and intended it to be.

It would raise Pakistan’s head higher in the eyes of around 100 million Baba Nanak’s lovers from around the world, more so than the 300 feet flag pole India plans to erect at the border, for all times to come, she concludes.

https://www.dawn.com/news/1494281/kartarpur-corridor-activist-concerned-at-massive-construction-on-indian-side

NDTV – 5000 Pilgrims a day, no restrictions on faith: India to Pakistan on Kartarpur

India is already constructing a bridge on the zero line of the Kartarpur Corridor to provide all-weather connectivity

Reported by Mohammed Ghazali, Neeta Sharma, Edited by Debanish Achom

New Delhi – India, 14 July 2019. Pakistan today agreed in principle to build a bridge on the zero line of the Kartarpur Corridor to provide all-weather connectivity, the Foreign Ministry said in a statement after a two-hour meeting to iron out issues in the second round of talks over the Kartarpur corridor for Sikh pilgrims.

India is already constructing a bridge on the zero line; Pakistan, however, had been insisting on constructing a causeway, which India believes, would act as a barrier, directing more flood water towards India.

“Pakistan side agreed, in principle, to build a bridge at the earliest.

Pending the construction of a bridge over the old Ravi creek by Pakistan on their territory, India offered to make interim arrangements for making the corridor operational in November 2019, given the historic importance of the 550th Birth Anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev Ji,” the Foreign Ministry said in the statement.

Both countries agreed to allow visa-free travel for Indians and those who have Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) cards, the statement said.

“Throughout the year, 5000 pilgrims will be allowed to visit Kartarpur Sahib Gurdwara per day, Pakistan highlighted the infrastructural constraints on their side and conveyed that they may be able to accommodate many of the Indian proposals in a phased manner,” the Foreign Ministry said.

“There should be no restrictions on the pilgrims in terms of their faith,” it said.

The second round of talks comes a day after Pakistan removed pro-Khalistan leader Gopal Singh Chawla from its committee that is involved in talks with India.

The Indian delegation for the talks today was led by the Home Ministry’s Joint Secretary (Internal Security) SCL Das and the Foreign Ministry’s Joint Secretary (Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran) Deepak Mittal, while the 20-member Pakistani delegation was led by Mohammad Faisal, spokesperson of the Pakistani Foreign Ministry.

“Pakistan is fully committed and cooperating to operationalise Kartarpur Corridor,” said Mr Faisal this morning.

The Kartarpur corridor will be vulnerable to flooding as it is being built near the flood plains of the Ravi river. In 2013, when the area was flooded, it had caused great damage to people living in Punjab’s Gurdaspur district.

Once built, the corridor will connect the Darbar Sahib in Pakistan’s Kartarpur with the Dera Baba Nanak shrine in Gurdaspur district and facilitate visa-free movement of Indian Sikh pilgrims. The pilgrims will require just a permit to visit Kartarpur Sahib, an important Sikh shrine established in 1522 by the faith’s founder Guru Nanak Dev.

The first level of talks were held on March 14 and second round, which were to take place on April 2, were called off pending clarifications by Islamabad on New Delhi’s security concerns. In May, India had raised concerns that Pakistan is promoting the interest of Khalistani groups under the garb of the Kartarpur corridor.

https://www.ndtv.com/india-news/pilgrims-safety-infrastructure-to-top-india-pakistan-kartarpur-corridor-talks-today-2069165