The Tribune – 1984 riots: Sikh passengers dragged out of trains & killed, police arrested no one from spot, says SIT

New Delhi – India, 15 January 2020. Sikh passengers were dragged out of trains and killed at railway stations in Delhi during the 1984 anti-Sikh riots but the police did not arrest anyone from the spot saying that they were outnumbered, a Supreme Court appointed SIT has said in its report.

The report of the SIT, headed by retired Delhi High Court judge Justice S N Dhingra, which supervised a further probe into 186 cases said that there were five cases of killings by rioters who had attacked Sikh passengers travelling on trains and on railway stations.

It said these incidents had happened on 01 and 02 November 1984, at five railway stations of Delhi – Nangloi, Kishanganj, Dayabasti, Shahdara and Tuglakabad.

“In all these five cases, police was informed about the rioters having stopped the train and attacking Sikh passengers. The Sikh passengers were dragged out of trains and were beaten to death and burnt. The dead bodies were found scattered on the platforms and the railway lines,” the report said.

“The police had not arrested any of the rioters from the spot. The reasons for non-arrest were shown that the police was in very small number and that the rioters, after seeing police, had ran away,” it said.

It said that perusal of files revealed that FIRs were not registered by police incident-wise or crime-wise and instead, several complaints were clubbed in one FIR.

The report said that the then Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) had sent 337 complaints received by him soon after the riots to Sultan Puri Police station but an “omnibus” FIR was lodged in respect of all these incidents and thereafter all other complaints of killing and rioting were added in the same FIR.

It said one such FIR had complaints regarding 498 incidents and only one investigating officer was assigned to the case.

“In a few cases, FIRs were registered on the basis of a note given by a police official to SHO (station house officer) stating about a victim identifying a person as rioter and also giving the name and address of victim,” it said.

“All these cases were closed on the ground that victim did not confirm to the information. It is obvious that these cases were registered by the police to give clean chit to certain persons,” the report said.

It said that hundreds of affidavits were received by Justice Ranganath Misra Commission in respect of killing, arson, looting done by the rioters with named accused persons.

“Instead of directing registration of FIRs on the basis of these affidavits directly to the respective police stations and ordering investigation, committees after committees were formed and this further delayed registration of cases for years,” it said.

Regarding an FIR lodged at Kalyan Puri police station here, the report said police had clubbed various cases and sent a ‘challan’ (police report) in respect of murder of 56 persons but the trial court had framed charges only in respect of killing of five.

“It is not known why charges were framed only for five murders and not 56 murders and why trial court did not order separation of trial for each incident of crime,” it said.

“It is also seen from the perusal of judgements found in these files that when the witness stated in the court that she had seen the incident and can identify the culprits, the public prosecutor did not even ask her to identify the rioters out of several accused persons present in the court,” it said.

“The judge conducting the trial, having ample power under section 165 of Evidence Act to ask the questions to the witnesses, also did not bother to ask the witness as to who out the accused persons present in the court were among the rioters and had committed riots,” the report said.

The apex court had set up the SIT, also comprising retired IPS officer Rajdeep Singh and serving IPS officer Abhishek Dular, in January 2018. However, Singh had declined to be part of the team on personal grounds.

Large-scale riots targeting members of the Sikh community had broken out in the national capital in the aftermath of the assassination of the then prime minister Indira Gandhi by her two Sikh security guards on the morning of October 31, 1984. The violence had claimed 2,733 lives in Delhi alone.

No spontaneous riots but pogroms organised by Congress
Man in Blue

India Today – Centre to act on Justice Dhingra report on 1984 Sikh riots that said police assisted rioters

The Dhingra Committee probing the 1984 anti-Sikh riots has said that then SHO Kalyanpuri had assisted the rioters when they were attacking Sikhs. SHO Kalyanpuri had assisted the rioters when they were attacking Sikhs

Sanjay Sharma

New Delhi – India, 15 January 2020. The Justice Dhingra Committee probing 186 cases in the 1984 anti-Sikh riots has submitted its report in the Supreme Court and the Centre has said that they have accepted the findings. The report has said that police, government and the prosecution lacked in submitting their findings before the court at the right time.

The Dhingra Committee has also made a crucial claim that then SHO Kalyanpuri had assisted the rioters when they were attacking Sikhs.

The Centre has told the Supreme Court that it has accepted Justice Dhingra Committee’s report in the role of Delhi Police in 1984 anti-Sikh riots. The government has also said that it will take necessary action.

The Supreme Court has allowed petitioner S G S Kahlon of Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee to file suggestions on the report submitted by the SIT.

The Dhingra Committee has said that the Delhi government at the time and police did not file their reports on time, which led vital records of the cases to get lost.

The panel has also suggested that the state government should file reports in 10 cases.

A bench headed by Chief Justice S A Bobde was informed by senior advocate R S Suri, appearing for the petitioner, that the report of the SIT is damning for police officials and they would file an application seeking action against the cops who were allegedly involved in the ghastly riots. – 35 Years of Injustice: Candle March taken out in Delhi to pay homage to the victims of 1984 Sikh genocide

Sikh24 Editors

New Delhi – India, 01 November 2019. A candle march was taken out in Delhi to pay homage to thousands of Sikhs killed by the fanatic Hindu mobs during November-1984’s Sikh genocide.

SAD president Sukhbir Badal, DSGMC president Manjinder Singh Sirsa and Union minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal led this candle march, which began from Gurdwara Sri Bangla Sahib and concluded at Gurdwara Sri Rakabganj Sahib.

Interacting with media, SAD president Sukhbir Badal said that the Sikhs have been striving for justice since the last 35 years in this largest of “democracy” of the world. “All the perpetrators of this carnage were honored with important constitutional posts like Governor,” he added.

Sukhbir Badal further said that the Congress will forever be known as a traitor of the Qaum for orchestrating the bloodbath and Punjab chief minister Amarinder Singh, who sings paeans of the murderers, will be just as culpable.

Union minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal said that she feels proud to be a part of government which sent Sajjan Kumar behind the bars. “Other perpetrators like Jagdish Tytler and Kamal Nath will also be behind the bars soon,” she claimed.

Beside it, an exhibition of the photographs pertaining to the 1984 Sikh genocide was also organized by the DSGMC in Connaught Place of Delhi.

35 Years of Injustice: Candle March taken out in Delhi to pay homage to the victims of 1984 Sikh genocide

The Statesman – Shiromani Akali Dal targets Kamal Nath as MHA is to reopen 1984 riot cases against him

The Union Home Ministry has cleared a proposal to reopen 1984 anti-Sikh riot cases against alleged involvement of Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Kamal Nath by a special investigation team.

New Delhi – India, 09 September 2019. The Union Home Ministry has cleared a proposal to reopen 1984 anti-Sikh riot cases against alleged involvement of Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Kamal Nath by a special investigation team. Delhi’s Shiromani Akali Dal MLA Manjinder Singh Sirsa said on Monday.

Sirsa tweeted, “A big victory for Akali Dal. SIT Opens case against @OfficeOfKNath for his alleged involvement in 1984 Sikh genocide. Notification issued by MHA upon my submission last year, Case number 601/84 to reopen and consider fresh Evidence against Kamal Nath,” he said in a tweet.

Talking to media on the issue, Sirsa said that two witnesses were ready to depose against the Congress leader. “I request the people who were an eyewitness to Kamal Nath killing Sikhs to come forward and become a witness, there is no need to be scared.”

Shiromani Akali Dal targets Kamal Nath as MHA to reopen 1984 riot cases against him – Genocide victims ask SIT to probe former UP DGP’s statement about Kamal Nath

Sikh24 Editors

New Delhi – India, 12 August 2019. On August 10, the All India Riot Victims Relief Committee submitted a memorandum to the Special Investigation Team seeking investigation of statement given by the former DGP of Uttar Pradesh Sulkhan Singh about the involvement of Kamal Nath in the 1984 Sikh genocide.

The AIRVRC head Kuldeep Singh Bhogal and Advocate Prasoon Kumar submitted this memorandum to the SIT members at their office in New Delhi.

Sharing the development with media, Kuldeep Singh Bhogal informed that the former DGP of Uttar Pradesh Sulkhan Singh had given a statement in the media in which he had confirmed the involvement of Madhya Pradesh’s CM Kamal Nath in the 1984 Sikh genocide. He added that they had raised the demand to call Sulkhan Singh as a witness with the SIT earlier.

Bhogal further informed that the SIT members have now informed them that Sulkhan Singh has said that he was not an eye-witness account of the 1984 Sikh genocide and had posted on Facebook on the basis of hearsay and what he was told by his friends at that time.

He added that the SIT has informed them that Sulkhan Singh has removed that post now.

“We have still requested the SIT officials to investigate those people who had informed Sulkhan Singh about the involvement of Kamal Nath in the 1984 Sikh genocide,” he informed while saying that a DGP rank official can’t give an irresponsible statement.

Genocide victims ask SIT to probe former UP DGP’s statement about Kamal Nath

NDTV – Supreme Court issues notice to Delhi Police in 1984 Anti-Sikh Riots case

The Supreme Court bench set July 23 as the next date of hearing, stating they would hear the matter in a detailed manner on that day.

New Delhi – India, 05 July 2019. The Supreme Court on Friday issued a notice to the Delhi Police on a batch of pleas filed by convicts in the 1984 anti-Sikh riots case.

The matter was heard by a three-judge bench of the Apex Court, headed by Chief Justice of India (CJI) Ranjan Gogoi, and Justices Deepak Gupta and Aniruddha Bose.

The pleas had been filed by various convicts who were indicted by the Delhi High Court.

The Supreme Court bench set July 23 as the next date of hearing, stating they would hear the matter in a detailed manner on that day.

After a span of 22 years, the Delhi High Court on November 28 last year had upheld the Karkardooma trial court’s order convicting 88 people in a case relating to anti-Sikh riots that took place in East Delhi’s Trilokpuri area in 1984.

In 1996, the Sessions Court of Karkardooma had convicted 88 of the total arrested accused. The convicts had later filed an appeal in the Delhi High Court against the trial court”s order.

More than 100 people were arrested in November 1984 for allegedly rioting, burning houses and violating curfew imposed in the Trilokpuri area of Delhi.

Massive riots had erupted across the country after the assassination of the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by her bodyguards. As per the official records, around 2,800 Sikhs were killed across India, including 2100 in Delhi alone, during the violence.

The Tribune – Manjinder Singh Sirsa: Centre has agreed to probe Kamal Nath’s role in ’84 riots

Tribune News Service

New Delhi – India, 15 June 2019. Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee (DSGMC) president Manjinder Singh Sirsa today claimed that the Home Ministry agreed to ask the SIT to investigate afresh case against Madhya Pradesh CM and Congress leader Kamal Nath for his alleged involvement in the anti-Sikh riots.

The SIT was constituted by the Home Ministry to investigate closed cases of the 1984 anti-Sikh riots. He said the name of Kamal Nath was deliberately not mentioned in the FIR (601/84) registered on November 1, 1984, for killing two Sikhs in Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib.

Addressing the media, Sirsa said the DSGMC approached the SIT for FIR against Kamal Nath, but due to technical problems the FIR was not lodged. Now the Centre had agreed to initiate an inquiry.

DNA – 1984 anti-Sikh riots: Justice has not been served to us, says victim

As Gurjal Kaur, 75, stares blankly at the dirty, moldering wall of her house, her nightmarish memories of the 1984 anti-Sikh riots turn into fresh bleeding wounds.

With Punjab going to polls on Sunday, Congress leader Sam Pitroda’s flippant remark that “1984 hua to hua” and the BJP’s relentless offensive over it has brought the anti-Sikh riots back into the political discourse.

The survivors of the riots in the CRPF colony of Ludhiana claim that successive Congress governments delayed justice to the affected families.

Kaur, who lost two of her sons, Harbhajan Singh and Amarjit Singh, in the 1984 communal flare-up, claims the Akalis have helped the survivors of the riots the most and that the previous Congress governments at the Centre and in the state “ruined our lives”.

Charanjeet Kaur, 59, who lost her two sons and husband in the riots, says, “We saw what people would not have seen during Partition. Mobs burnt thousands of Sikh men alive and raped the women.”

Gurdeep Kaur of the women’s wing of 1984 Sikh Katle-Aam Peerat Welfare Society alleges former Punjab chief minister Rajinder Kaur Bhattal did not let the grant given by the Centre reach the victim families in the state.

“The Akali government took some steps, but those were not enough. There are around 35,000 riot-affected families in Punjab, and the Badal government gave flats only to 3,000,” she rues.

“Four commissions, nine committees, and two SITs were set up to probe the killings. Why? It is clear that the Congress governments wanted to hide someone’s role in the riots,” she says.

Former AAP leader and senior lawyer H S Phoolka, who has been representing victims of the riots in court cases, says that instead of punishing leaders involved in the anti-Sikh riots, the Congress had elevated and promoted them.

A state Congress leader on condition of anonymity says no one can question Chief Minister Amarinder Singh on his commitment toward ensuring justice to the victims of the riots.

“He had himself resigned from Parliament to protest against what had happened…,” the leader says.

The Hindu – Punjab’s voters say real issues are missing from discourse

Vikas Vasudeva

Patiala – Panjab – India, 17 May 2019. Focus on ‘religious issues’ by political parties distracts from pressing concerns on unemployment, agrarian distress, and the drug trade.

As the election draws closer, the political discourse in Punjab continues to be dominated by ‘religious issues’. But many voters, especially youth and farmers, feel it is an attempt by political parties to divert attention from the real issues of unemployment, drug abuse and trade, and agrarian distress.

As the campaign gained pace across Punjab, the Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) and its alliance partner, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) could be seen repeatedly raising the 1984 anti-Sikh riots issue.

The ruling Congress, on the other hand, is attacking the Akalis on the “Bargari sacrilege” of 2015, and the Kotkapura-Behbal Kalan police firing incident that followed it.

In Patiala, home town of Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh, a Punjabi University student Navdeep Singh strongly feels that if a country needs to progress, it cannot afford to get stuck in its past, be it on religion or any other issue.

“Political parties in their manifestos promise to give jobs but later, when it comes to implementation, there’s no accountability. In 2014, the BJP government promised to gives jobs but what happened? The same is the case with the State’s Congress government here, promises were made but there is nothing on the ground.

I feel the time has come to evolve a mechanism where the manifesto of political parties should be made a legal document, which, if not implemented, could be challenged under the law,” said Mr. Singh, who is pursuing doctorate in Economics.

“As I complete my doctorate, I would want to venture something on my own. I am not averse to a job but the problem I have been witnessing, especially in the private sector, is the non-availability of a job in keeping with the qualification.

If I get a job that is below my qualification, then what’s the whole point of getting an education? It’s one of the reasons that India is facing the problem of a ‘brain drain’,” he said.

Lost turf

In Patiala, the Congress candidate, former Union Minister Preneet Kaur, is embroiled in a battle to reclaim the party’s lost turf as the seat is set for a triangular electoral contest. Ms Kaur, wife of Captain Amarinder, tasted bitter defeat at the hands of Aam Aadmi Party’s (AAP) Dharamvira Gandhi in 2014 Lok Sabha poll.

Another student on the campus, Jaswant Singh, shared similar sentiments: “Unemployment is a big issue here, but the main political parties have been raising ‘religious issues’ to divert attention from real issues. Youth from Punjab are going to foreign countries in search of jobs.

There is no guarantee of a job even after completing my studies. These days, there are hardly any jobs in the government sector. The private sector offers jobs but then, there’s no job security there.”

Patiala, which has traditionally seen a fight between the Congress and the SAD, is witnessing a triangular contest this time with AAP rebel Dr Gandhi fighting as a joint candidate of the Punjab Democratic Alliance.

The SAD has fielded former minister Surjit Singh Rakhra as its candidate. The AAP’s Neena Mittal is also in the fray.

Patiala-based farmer leader Avtar Singh Korjiwala of the Bhartiya Kisan Union Ekta (Dhakonda), points out that political parties continue to adopt an indifferent attitude towards the farmers’ plight.

Also, in this election, there is hardly anyone talking about the drugs menace in the State, he added.

“Be it the ruling Congress or the SAD-BJP, no one cares for us. Now they are raising ‘religious issues’ to deflect attention from their failures. Our Union is urging farmers across the district to boycott the elections. If they don’t want to boycott, then farmers should opt for NOTA (None of the Above),” Mr. Korjiwala said.