The Indian Express – Cow vigilantism unacceptable, onus on states to prevent lynchings: Supreme Court

“Obligation of states to ensure that such incidents do not occur,” the apex court observed.

New Delhi – India, 03 July 2018. Taking a strong exception to the alleged lynchings by cow vigilantes, the Supreme Court on Tuesday said the onus lies on states to ensure that such incidents do not occur.

“This kind of incidents cannot occur. It can’t be accepted in remotest sense. Obligation of states to ensure that such incidents do not occur,” the apex court observed.

A bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices A M Khanwilkar and D Y Chandrachud said this was a law and order issue and each state has to be responsible.

The bench observed that the instances of vigilantism was actually mob violence, which is a crime. The top court has reserved its order on pleas seeking directions to formulate guidelines to curb such violence.

Last year, a bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices Amitava Roy and AM Khanwilkar directed the Centre and states to take strong measures to curb cow vigilantism.

“Who will stop them? Some mechanism has to be there to prevent violence indulged in by these groups. This must stop. Some kind of planned and well-coordinated action is required by the governments so that vigilantism does not grow,“ the bench said.

The apex court had sought response from Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh governments on a plea seeking contempt action for not following its order to take stern steps to stop violence in the name of cow vigilantism, today led the Supreme Court to seek responses from the three states.

The contempt petition has been filed by Tushar Gandhi, the great grandson of Mahatma Gandhi, saying the three states have not complied with the top court order of September 6 last year.

In June this year, a cattle-trader was beaten to death by a mob at a sugarcane field in Hapur’s Pilakhuwa. The family of the victim claimed Qasim, 45, was attacked in connection with a “cow-related matter” while the police insisted that he was victim of a road rage incident. A 65-year-old man, Samiuddin, was also injured in the attack.

The police have arrested two men, identified as Yudhishtir Singh and Rakesh Sisodia, on the charge of murder. The FIR notes that the incident was the result of a scuffle between unidentified bike-borne men and the two victims.

Cow vigilantism unacceptable, onus on states to prevent lynchings: Supreme Court

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The Indian Express – VHP indicates may restart Ram Mandir movement

Alok Kumar, VHP working president, said the construction of Ram Temple was discussed during the meeting and reiterated the organisation’s stand that it will wait for the apex court’s order on the matter.

New Delhi – India, 25 June 2018. The Vishwa Hindu Parishad on Monday indicated it may restart its movement for Ram Temple in Ayodhya, saying the organisation will consult saints on the “future course of action” if the Supreme Court does not give its verdict on the issue in next three to four months.

Addressing the media on the organisation council meeting in Delhi, VHP working president Alok Kumar said two resolutions were passed – one on the issue of cow protection and another on the influx of the Rohingya Muslims into the country.

Kumar said the construction of Ram Temple was discussed during the meeting and reiterated the organisation’s stand that it will wait for the apex court’s order on the matter. “We hope that Supreme Court would hear daily this case from July. We want temple at that site… Our muslim brothers can build mosque outside of that area,” he said.

Replying to a question, he said they want temple at the disputed site in Ayodhya “lawfully” but if the issue “hangs in the court for more than three months then we will consult saints for the future course of action.”

Asked about former VHP leader Pravin Togadia launching a new outfit, Kumar said that would not have any negative impact on his organisation as the VHP “is not based on the ambition or ego of one person.”

“The VHP operates on the basis of collective leadership,” he said but added Togadia can return to the VHP.

VHP indicates may restart Ram Mandir movement

The Indian Express – North-east floods: Sikh volunteers lend a helping hand in flood-hit Assam

Speaking to The Indian Express over the phone, Gurpreet Singh said, “Karimganj is the worst-hit district in Assam. We have selected those villages which are still under water and inaccessible by roads.”

Divya Goyal

Chandigarh – Panjab – India, 22 June 2018. Sikh volunteers from Punjab have started relief operation in the remote villages of Assam worst-hit by floods in the north-east.

The operation first started in the south Assam districts- Karimganj, Cachar and Hailakandi, where volunteers distributed basic grocery packets and water-cleaning tablets. Government relief is yet to reach the villages which are still under water.

Gurpreet Singh, 24, from Patiala and Japneet Singh, 29, from Ludhiana in Punjab are leading the Khalsa Aid International team in Karimganj district along the India-Bangladesh border.

Speaking to The Indian Express over the phone, Gurpreet Singh said, “Karimganj is the worst-hit district in Assam. We have selected those villages which are still under water and inaccessible by roads. We have hired boats from locals here and have started distributing ration packets in these villages.

In some villages, there is still at least 11-feet water. Initially, we provided them with bottled water to drink. Now, we are distributing water-cleaning tablets and masks so that dirty water does not lead to bacterial infections and other water-borne diseases.”

Singh added that a team of at least nine volunteers from Khalsa Aid is working in Assam and travelling to the affected areas, using boats. Basic grocery items, sanitation kit and water-cleaning tablets are being distributed in remote villages, including Tukurgram, Kalain and Badarpur.

“We were informed about a peripheral village Tukurgram, located along the border of Karimganj and Cachar. It is still completely under water and no aid had reached there. We reached there by boats and distributed relief kits,” he said.

The relief teams are hiring boats from locals to reach the concerned areas and fields that have been completely washed away in flood waters. “We are mapping more villages in need with the help of local administration.

We are trying our best to help those places where government relief is yet to reach. The locals are cooperating with us and giving us their boats. Their kutcha homes and crops have been completely washed away,” Gurpreet said.

“The team also visited Unakoti district in Tripura but the situation proved to be better with flood waters receding,” he added.

“We are not providing cooked food (langar) here yet because people are more in need of grocery and sanitation kits. Also, with areas still submerged in water, it is difficult to distribute cooked food through boats,” he said.

North-east floods: Sikh volunteers lend a helping hand in flood-hit Assam

The Indian Express – Draft report on note ban divides House panel, BJP members say it is biased

BJP members Kirit Somaiya and Nishikant Dubey, sources said, called it a “biased” draft report.

Pradeep Kaushal

New Delhi – India, 12 June 2018. There was a sharp political divide at a meeting Tuesday of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Finance when BJD member Bhartruhari Mahtab sought to know the fate of the panel’s draft report related to demonetisation and BJP members objected, calling it a “biased” draft report.

Soon after the members assembled, Mahtab, sources said, asked panel chairman and Congress veteran Veerappa Moily: Where has the draft report on the ‘Demonetisation of Indian currency notes of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 and ramifications thereof’ gone?

He said the committee was already done with the report on the related matter of ‘Transformation towards a digital economy’.

BJP members Kirit Somaiya and Nishikant Dubey, sources said, called it a “biased” draft report. At this, Moily said he would want a final report after consensus. Sources said Moily told them he did not want any voting or dissenting notes.

The matter was deferred because Reserve Bank of India Governor Urjit Patel, who was scheduled to appear before the committee, had already arrived and was being made to wait in an adjoining room.

As the committee took up the scheduled agenda, Patel said the RBI needed more powers to oversee public sector banks (PSBs). The members questioned him for four hours on the issues concerning the banking sector, challenges and the way forward and the non-performing assets of banks.

Sources said Patel, in his written submission to the committee in response to questions put to him earlier, maintained that the RBI had inadequate control over PSBs.

He said the RBI should have the powers to remove and appoint the chairman and managing directors; grant licences and impose conditions while giving them; approve the appointment, re-appointment and termination of appointment of a chairman, managing director or whole-time directors of a manager or a chief executive officer; call a meeting of directors of the bank concerned, depute one or more of its officers to board meetings, appoint observers and require the bank to make changes in the management the RBI may consider necessary; remove managerial and other persons from office; and, supersede the board of directors.

Gross non-performing assets (NPA) of the entire banking sector stood at Rs 8.31 lakh crore at end-December 2017. There are a total of 21 state-owned banks, including State Bank of India. Their combined losses crossed Rs 87,300 crore in 2017-18 fiscal, topped by scam-tainted Punjab National Bank which took a hit of nearly Rs 12,283 crore.

Of the 21 state-owned banks, only two, Indian Bank and Vijaya Bank, posted profits during 2017-18. Indian Bank posted the highest profit of Rs 1,258.99 crore and Vijaya Bank’s profit was Rs 727.02 crore in the fiscal.

The RBI Governor told the committee that the major challenge faced by the Indian banking sector today was on account of the stress in asset quality faced by the scheduled commercial banks (SCBs), which account for 88 per cent of the banking system.

Some members sought to know the reasons for recent instances of ATMs running out of cash and asked Patel why enough steps had not been taken to tackle frauds. Patel told the panel he was confident that they would be able to tide over the crisis.

He maintained that the RBI was not empowered to take action against public sector banks. This was the job of the government. The RBI, according to him, did not carry out audits either. Basically, it was not involved in day-to-day functioning of banks. It did issue guidelines and advisories to banks from time to time.

The members had asked Patel if, in the context of the PNB scam, letters of understanding had been issued without collaterals and the matter had gone unnoticed for years.

They wanted to know if any inquiry or a disciplinary action had been initiated by the RBI to fix responsibility. They also sought the specific number and value of banking frauds detected by the RBI and other agencies in the last three years.

Patel maintained that currently, the RBI inspects commercial banks under the risk-based supervision framework and seeks to focus attention and supervisory resources on banks that face greater risks.

Regarding the LOUs issued for years without collateral by the PNB branch which went unnoticed, he was learnt to have said that it was pertinent to recognise that the primary responsibility of understanding risks undertaken by the bank and ensuring that the risks were appropriately managed through necessary risk mitigation controls, etc, clearly rested with the board of directors of the bank concerned.

Draft report on note ban divides House panel, BJP members say it is biased

The Indian Express – To scan movies on Sikhism, Akal Takht Jathedar forms 21-member ‘censor board’

This announcement to form the censor board came after a huge controversy that had erupted last month over the release of movie ‘Nanak Shah Fakir’, based on life of first Sikh guru, Guru Nanak Dev.

Kamaldeep Singh Brar

Amritsar – Panjab – India, 23 May 2018. Akal Takht Jathedar Giani Gurbachan Singh has formed a 21-member ‘censor board’ to scrutinise movies related to Sikhism. Akal Takht Jathedar has also asked movie makers to take approval for movies related to Sikhism.

However, there is no name on the board which is directly related to filed of making movies.

Prominent members include Giani Harpreet Singh, Jathedar Takht Damdama Sahib, Partap Singh, representative Guru Gobind Singh Study Circle, some Sikh scholars including Balkar Singh, Professor Amarjit Singh, Dr Gurmeet Singh Sidhu, Professor Sarabjit Singh, Dr Sarabjinder Singh and Dr Harpal Singh Pannu.

Religious bodies Damdami Taksal, Tarna Dal and Budha Dal have also secured seats on the panel. This announcement to form the censor board came after a huge controversy that had erupted last month over the release of movie ‘Nanak Shah Fakir’, based on life of first Sikh guru, Guru Nanak Dev.

Though initially the SGPC had cleared the movie produced by Harinder Sikka for screening in theatres, the body revoked its approval at the last moment sparking controversy.

Sikka was excommunicated after he declined to accept last minute order of SGPC and Akal Takht to remove the movie from theaters that released on April 14.

To settle the issues related to release of such movies made on Sikhism, Akal Takht Jathedar said: “We have formed the censor board due to repeated controversy erupting over movies made on Sikhism. This censor board will assure that every side is heard properly.”

He added: “It would be a must for the movie makers to get approval from censor board for any movie related to Sikhism.”

Censor board will not be the final authority on such matters and it will submit its reports to Akal Takht Jathedar for a final decision.

While this censor board will have no legal authority, however Akal Takht Jathedar has issued directions for the movie makers saying it would be mandatory for them to seek permission of Akal Takht whenever they make any movie on Sikhism.

When I first was taught about Sikhism I understood that we stood for freedom of expression
An advisory board would be acceptable, a censor board should be anathema to Sikhs

Man in Blue

http://www.sikh24.com/2018/05/20/gst-on-langar-likely-to-get-lifted-during-next-days/#.WwWlqCC-nIU

The Indian Express – Kathua rape-murder: Hindu outfit wants CBI inquiry to nab ‘real culprits’, seeks funds to plead case before Supreme Court

The group, seeking a CBI inquiry into the incident has also constituted a team of lawyers to file the due petition in the Supreme Court of India at the earliest.

New Delhi – India, 16 May 2018. The Hindu Ekta Manch has appealed to the public to donate funds so that a legal team is constituted to plead the Kathua gangrape and murder case before the Supreme Court.

The group, in a strong-worded letter, has appealed to find the “real culprits” in the rape and murder case of an eight-year-old girl in Kathua district of Jammu and Kashmir, which took place in January, this year.

The group also sought a CBI inquiry into the incident. “For ensuring this we have to constitute a team of lawyers to file the due petition in the Supreme Court of India at the earliest,” the letter reads.

“As all of us have realised that CBI enquiry has become a critical requirement in case real culprits have to be nailed and innocents falsely implicated in the case are freed. The CBI enquiry is also critically needed to unearth the bigger conspiracy behind the murder,” reads the contents of the letter made public by the Manch.

On Wednesday, Manch president Vijay Sharma said a decision to make public appeal for donations was taken at a meeting of the organisation. However, it has not evoked much response so far, he said, adding they would have to personally contact their friends and well-wishers to raise funds.

The letter further points out that the whole issue has been used to harass the people of Rasana and adjoining villages. It alleges that the people living in the area have had to abandon their homes and to shift to some other place.

“In case this happens there will be an immense boost to the Muslim demographic invasion of this area in particular and Jammu region in general. Changing the demographic complexion of Jammu is part of the Jihad being waged on Hindus,” the letter further stated.

“In the light of these dangers, forcing a CBI enquiry into the Rasana case assumes immense importance. We have to mobilise enough resources so that best legal team is mobilised to successfully plead the case before the Supreme Court of India.

We appeal everybody to come forward and donate generously so that a corpus of fund is created to meet the legal expenses,” says the letter signed by an advocate and five other members.

The Supreme Court on Monday had agreed to hear on May 16 a plea of three witnesses in the Kathua gangrape and murder case, accusing the Jammu and Kashmir Police of harassment and coercion.

On May 7, the top court had transferred the trial in the gangrape and murder case from Jammu and Kashmir to Pathankot in Punjab. However, the court refrained from handing over the probe to CBI, saying there was no need to do this as the investigation has been conducted and the chargesheet filed.

The eight-year-old victim, hailing from a minority nomadic community, had disappeared from near her home in a village close to Kathua in the Jammu region on January 10. Her body was found in the area a week later.

Kathua rape-murder: Hindu outfit wants CBI inquiry to nab ‘real culprits’, seeks funds to plead case before SC

The Indian Express – Culpable homicide charge: Sidhus celebrate, Rahul Gandhi first to congratulate

Congress president Rahul Gandhi was among the first to send him a congratulatory text message. Priyanka too called him up later and congratulated. CM Amarinder Singh, who tweeted a congratulatory message for him, also called him up personally.

Kanchan Vasdev

Chandigarh – Panjab- India, 16 May 2018. Relief, celebrations and congratulatory messages marked the day for Punjab Local Bodies Minister Navjot Singh Sidhu after he was acquitted of culpable homicide charge by the Supreme Court in a 1988 road rage case.

While his wife Navjot Kaur Sidhu celebrated with song and dance and sweets at the couple’s residence in Amritsar, the minister’s official bungalow in sector 2 of Chandigarh was abuzz with activity.

AICC president Rahul Gandhi was among the first to send him a congratulatory text message. Priyanka too called him up later and congratulated. CM Amarinder Singh, who tweeted a congratulatory message for him, also called him up personally.

Among others who visited him today was PPCC chief Sunil Jakhar and Rural Development and Panchayats Minister Tripat Rajinder Singh Bajwa.

Sidhu later called on the CM at the latter’s residence before leaving for Delhi to meet Rahul tomorrow. “I am going to meet Bhai,” he said referring to Rahul. “I am feeling relieved. More so, I am feeling humbled.

It is unimaginable that there are people who you have never met and they are praying for you. They are praying for me in a Pakistan gurdwara and organised an Akhand Path. That’s very touching. I am thankful to all those who prayed for me. I am actually thankful to those who wanted me to survive this battle,” he said.

Sidhu said he woke up at 3 am Tuesday as usual, prayed and played with his three dogs, who are like children to him. Was he nervous? “Not at all. You will never see me cribbing.

You will never ever see me becoming a bechara in life. I am strong enough to carry my burdens on my shoulders. I am fighting for bigger issues. I am fighting against corruption. I am fighting for the resurrection of Punjab.”

Did he have any hard feelings at the way Punjab government submitted to the Supreme Court that his sentence should be enhanced? No hard feelings. Every adversity has made me 10 times stronger. Character is not made in a crisis. It is exhibited.

I have never looked for sympathy during trying times. In good times, I have always stayed humble, bowed down to those who have been friends but in tough times I have the tenacity to get over a situation because the recitation of God’s name is within me and the love of people, he said.

His message for the victim’s family? “It was an accident. Nothing else. The rest is all said in the judgment that comes from the majesty of the law. I bow to the judges.”

In Amritsar, his wife Navjot Kaur Sidhu, a former MLA and currently Chairperson of Punjab Warehousing Corporation, said she was happy her husband was not convicted under section 304 and she danced along with her daughter Rabia in celebration. Sidhu’s supporters also joined her.

“It is a moment of celebration and victory not only for us, but also for every person who thinks he or she can’t get justice. But we should keep hope alive. There are good policemen, good politicians and good judges. We should keep hope alive. We should keep faith in God too,” she told media-persons.

Kaur alleged that the victim’s family was instigated by SAD president Sukhbir Singh Badal to pursue the case against Navjot Singh Sidhu. “The family didn’t want to pursue case. It was Sukhbir who instigated them”.

Culpable homicide charge: Sidhus celebrate, Rahul Gandhi first to congratulate

The Indian Express – 14 of India’s cities are among the top 20 most polluted ones globally

A new pollution report by the World Health Organisation has ranked 14 of India’s cities in the top 20 most polluted cities across the world. Here’s the list.

New Delhi – India, 02 May 2018. A new pollution report by the World Health Organisation has ranked 14 of India’s cities in the top 20 most polluted cities across the world. Taking into account PM2.5 levels, the data from 2016, the latest, shows Delhi, Varanasi Kanpur, Faridabad, Gaya, Patna, Agra, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Gurgaon, Jaipur, Patiala and Jodhpur among the most polluted in the country.

The study ranked 4,300 cities in 108 countries across the world. In terms of PM10 levels, 13 cities in the country feature among the 20 most polluted ones in the world in 2016. The WHO report has also found that nine of 10 people in the world breathe air containing high levels of pollutants.

Further, according to WHO’s study, ambient air pollution caused about 4.2 million deaths globally in 2016. At least 3.8 million deaths were caused by household air pollution in the world.

The report says that over 90 per cent of air pollution-related deaths occur in low and middle-income countries (including India), followed by low- and middle-income countries of the Eastern Mediterranean region, Europe and the Americas.

“WHO estimates that around 7 million people die every year from exposure to fine particles in polluted air that penetrate deep into the lungs and cardiovascular system, causing diseases including stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and respiratory infections, including pneumonia,” the report stated.

PM2.5 includes pollutants like sulfate, nitrate and black carbon, which pose the greatest risk to human health. Power plants, industry, agriculture, transport and inefficient use of energy by households are among the major causes of air pollution.

14 of India’s cities are among the top 20 most polluted ones globally — Here’s the list

The Indian Express – Independence of judiciary is in danger, says Congress

“Indian judiciary is in danger. And if our judiciary is not united to protect its independence then democracy is in danger…. they want to pack High Courts with their won people,” senior Congress leader Kapil Sibal said.

New Delhi – India, 26 April 2018. The Congress on Thursday said that the independence of the judiciary “is in danger” and asked if it would now speak in one voice to state “enough is enough”.

Congress’s sharp reaction came after the government returned to the Supreme Court collegium its recommendation to elevate Justice K M Joseph to the apex court and asked it to reconsider it.

“Indian judiciary is in danger. And if our judiciary is not united to protect its independence then democracy is in danger…. they want to pack High Courts with their won people,” senior Congress leader Kapil Sibal told reporters at New Delhi.

Sibal said that there are 410 vacancies of judges across the country out of the total approved strength of 1079 judges.

“We want to know as to who will stand for judicial independence. Will the judiciary speak in one voice that enough is enough,” he said.

Kapil Sibal is right, but somebody should remind him of the record of Congress, particularly during the reign of Indira (Durga) Gandhi ?
Man in Blue

Independence of judiciary is in danger, says Congress

The Indian Express – Naroda Patiya massacre: Gujarat High Court acquits former BJP minister Maya Kodnani

The Naroda Patiya massacre, in which 97 Muslims were killed, was among the most brutal cases in the post-Godhra violence in 2002.

Satish Jha

Ahmedabad, 20 April 2018. The Gujarat High Court Friday acquitted former BJP minister Maya Kodnani in the 2002 Naroda Patiya massacre case overturning a trial court ruling which had sentenced her life imprisonment in 2012.

Also upholding the conviction of former Bajrang Dal leader Babu Bajrangi in the same case, the HC commuted his sentence of life imprisonment until death to 21 years imprisonment without remission.

The division bench of Justices Harsha Devani and A S Supehia giving Kodnani the “benefit of doubt” found that the testimonies of the witnesses against her were unreliable. The Naroda Patiya massacre, in which 97 Muslims were killed, was among the most brutal cases in the post-Godhra violence in 2002.

Acquitting 18 of the 32 convicted by the trial court, the HC Friday also overturned the trial court acquittal of three accused, P J Rajput, Rajkumar Chaumal alias Raju who is an advocate, and Umesh Bharwad and held them guilty.

The quantum of sentence will be pronounced on May 5.

The special trial court presided over by Judge Jytosna Yagnik, now retired, and set up on directions of the Supreme Court, which directly monitored the trials of nine 2002 riot cases of Gujarat, had relied on 11 witnesses to hold Kodnani guilty as the “kingpin” in the case and had sentenced her to life imprisonment for 28 years.

Kodnani has been on bail for health reasons.

Reading out the judgment Justice Devani said that in the case of Kodnani, out of 11 eyewitnesses who deposed against her, none had named her when the incident took place.

Justice Devani noted, “Version given by these witnesses are contradictory to each other… none of the police witnesses present at the incident named Maya Kodnani. Given this… it would be hazardous for the court to implicate her.”

The HC discarded the account of eyewitnesses who named Kodnani as the leader of the mob only in 2008 and held that none of the witnesses had even mentioned her name till several probe agencies and NGOs came into the picture.

The bench pointed out that though witnesses claimed later that they did not know the content of their complaints recorded by local police, they never mentioned Kodnani’s name in their later complaints or affidavits to senior police officers and the Supreme Court between 2002 and 2008.

Some witnesses had filed affidavits in the apex court in 2004 and alleged that local police were not probing their complaint properly they did not mention Kodnani’s name.

The bench held that under these circumstances, the eyewitness testimonies recorded after a gap of six years, with the help of NGOs, needed to be evaluated since all the witnesses came forward only in 2008.

In the order, Justice Devani said, “Given this… it would be hazardous for the court to implicate her.” Justice Devnani also said that the “testimony of none of the witnesses is reliable and charges under 120B (conspiracy) not established. Hence she is acquitted.”

In the case of Babubhai Patel alias Babu Bajrangi, the HC relied on four police witnesses who had testified that Bajrangi was leading a mob at different times on that day.

The trial court had not relied upon these police witnesses. The high court noted that it was “nobody’s case that police acted in a partisan manner of Hindu mob or assisted them.”

The court commuted Bajrangi’s sentence of life imprisonment until death to 21 years imprisonment without remission.

With Bajrangi, the bench upheld the conviction of Prakash Rathod and Suresh Didawala alias Richard alias Langado for murder and criminal conspiracy. Bajrangi, Rathod and Didawala were also caught confessing to the crime in a sting operation.

All three were the only accused whose convictions were upheld in the conspiracy charge. The trial court had held 27 accused responsible for the conspiracy under which they mobilised people to target Muslims.

The bench opined that CDs or DVDs of the sting operation were not admissible as evidence but former journalist and now AAP leader Ashish Khetan’s deposition in court was part of the evidence. The trial court had held the sting operation admissible as evidence.

“The most important thing about this judgment is that the bench has upheld that even if two witnesses are attributing to an offender with similar versions, punishment can be given. And this is the reason why conviction of 12 has been upheld and three acquittals have been reversed by the court,” said special public prosecutor R C Kodekar.

Among the acquitted is Kirpal Singh Chabda who was said to be the personal assistant to Kodnani but the high court bench held “prosecution failed to prove it.”

The HC also rejected the SIT appeal against the acquittal of Geeta and her sister Ramila Rathod and said there was no evidence to prove their role. Out of 13 convictions, 12 were handed life sentences and one was awarded 10 years jail.

Naroda Patiya massacre: Gujarat High Court acquits former BJP minister Maya Kodnani,17 others